Morphy's mate (1 move)

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In Morphy's mate, a bishop (or a queen on the diagonal) checkmates the king on the edge of the board. A rook prevents the escape.


This checkmate pattern is named after Paul Morphy.


Black can deliver Morphy's mate with Bxa3#.
The rook on b5 guards the escape square b1.

Black can deliver Morphy's mate with Qf3#.
The rook on g6 guards the escape square g1.
The bishop can be replaced with a queen on the diagonal, and the pattern remains the same.

Related patterns

Morphy's mate

In Pillsbury's mate, the roles are reversed with the rook checkmating, and the bishop guarding escape squares.